Berkshire Hathaway as a Hedge Fund

Investment Manager's Letter August 2007

As you can see from the chart below, Berkshire Hathaway has been working very nicely as hedge fund against a general market decline. In the last three months Berkshire Hathaway (the blue line) is up a little over four percent, whereas the S&P 500 (the red line) is down about seven percent.

The main reason we have such a large position in Berkshire Hathaway is for protection in a down market so at least for the moment our hedge fund is working. One big advantage of using Berkshire Hathaway is that it can also outperform when the market is going up, as it did in 2006.

Berkshire Hathaway as a Hedge Fund


$190,000 Per Share

In an interview with Gifford Combs in this weeks Barron’s, Combs values Berkshire Hathaway’s operating business at $70 billion and the finance and utility business at $26 billion, then gives the following estimate for the insurance business.

"The majority of the value at Berkshire Hathaway is in the insurance entities, which hold virtually all of the investments. The insurance business depends upon the value one places on the $58 billion of "float," which are the non-interest-bearing liabilities of the insurance companies. Adjusting for the float and making allowances for deferred taxes, I value the insurance companies at nearly $200 billion. The total comes to more than $290 billion, or about $190,000 per share. More conservative assumptions about investment returns over time would lower that value; but it's hard to get to a number much below $150,000 per share."

Combs is Managing director of Dalton Investments. He calls Berkshire Hathaway the "Rodney Dangerfield" of American Companies because of its current discount to fair value.

"If you look back some 30 years and looked at articles in The Wall Street Journal, everybody was worried about what was going to happen to GE after Reg Jones retired and, you know, they found Jack Welch. Five years ago, we were worried what was going to happen to GE after Jack Welch retired, and Jeffrey Immelt came along. Don't you think we ought to give Warren Buffett a little of the benefit of the doubt that maybe he could identify somebody to succeed him who can do a decent job? Will the guy do as good a job in investing? Probably not. But the interesting thing is, the valuation doesn't depend on having a superstar investor. The business has tremendous momentum in its own right, and it has a tremendous set of managers, and it is probably selling as cheaply today as almost any time that I can recall in certainly the last 10 years."

If that wasn’t enough the cover story of this week’s issue also plugs BRK. Says that current market dislocations could work to the benefit of cash rich companies such as Berkshire Hathaway and Loews.

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